Ring Around The Room....
Remember the popular Wisk laundry detergent commercials from the 70s.... Ring around the collar? "Those ugly stains. You've tried soaking them out and scrubbing them out, but you still end up with... ring around the collar." There is a phenomenon in the carpet cleaning industry that could easily be called, "ring around the room," but it is more commonly referred to as filtration soiling or soil filtration lines.
What are soil filtration lines? Soil filtration lines are ugly dark lines - usually from 1 to 3 inches in width - that often show up in homes along the baseboards, under doors, along stairways, around furnace vents and under floor length draperies.
Filtration soiling is caused by smog, soot, dust, carbon monoxide and other microscopic airborne pollutants that pass through the carpet pile. As the pollutants pass through the carpet the fibers act as a filter to remove the fine particles of airborne soil. The pollutants build up in the carpet and slowly turn from light gray to black. Homes and business in the vicinity of large cities, industrial area or near busy roads and highways are more prone to filtration soiling because of increased levels of air pollution although no building is immune. The pollution enters the home via foot traffic, through open doors and windows, from "fresh air" intakes on heating and cooling systems or from the crawlspace.
Airborne pollutants are distributed throughout a building via the heating or air conditioning system or through natural convection currents in the building structure. In virtually every home and building gaps are found at the lower edge of walls, between steps and the walls of staircase and between the floor and the drywall. Soil filtration lines may take weeks, months or even years to appear.
Ironically, new, more energy efficient homes are more likely to have soil filtration lines than older homes because the exterior walls are usually more air-tight, forcing more air movement through gaps in the interior walls. The popularity of lighter colored carpets in newer homes has drawn attention to the problem since light colors show soil more readily.
Olefin and polyester carpet fibers show the greatest affinity to filtration soiling. This is due to the oily nature of the pollutants and the oil-loving characteristics displayed by these fibers. This chemical attraction can cause a reaction whereby the oily deposits become a part of the carpet fiber, making them very hard to remove. Nylon fibers are somewhat easier to clean because they do not have as strong a chemical infinity to filtration lines.
It is very difficult to completely prevent soil filtration lines. Sealing cracks along a wall with caulking or expanding aerosol foam insulation will help, but may force it to occur somewhere else. The best method of prevention is to develop a habit of vacuuming along baseboards and stairways weekly using a crevice tool. Every couple of months spray along these areas with carpet spot remover and wipe with a white towel. Also, during the months of heaviest usage for your heating or air conditioning system change the filters at least monthly. Clean filters pull more airborne pollutants from the air cutting down on the amount of pollution that can be passed through the carpeting.
Treatment with a low residue carpet spotter in the early stages is quick, easy and extremely effective. Do no use any carpet spotters that contain soaps or detergents as rapid re-soiling will occur with lines that quickly show up darker than before. The longer the problem goes untreated the more difficult it is to correct. Once the lines become charcoal or black in color an improvement is about all one can hope for. Due to the oily nature of filtration soil once the problem has reach this stage a solvent based spotting product is required. Unfortunately any solvent product strong enough to dissolve and remove heavy filtration soiling would also be strong enough to dissolve the latex glue holding the fibers to the carpet backing. The disastrous result of such aggressive treatment could be a handful of carpet fibers and a bald spot on your carpet...kind of like curing the disease but killing the patient in the process.
If you have any concerns about soil filtration lines in your own home be sure to ask Mott's Carpet Cleaning how we can help.